30/12/2017

Matsuo Basho - Welcome !

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Welcome to the Matsuo Basho Archives 松尾芭蕉!

I want to show you this poet and his work in its own historical and cultural context
of Edo period Japan and the intellectual aspirations of its poets.

. WKD : Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Main Entry .
(1644 - 1694)


source : www.city.iga.lg.jp

hion myoojin 飛音明神 "Jumping Sound God"
Deity of Jumping Sound - his posthumous name


The WKD features many articles about Matsuo Basho.
There are also many hokku discussed, introducing various translations
and the cultural background necessary to their understanding.
Check the long list of "Cultural Keywords".

The hokku are listed in an alphabetical index,
according to the first Japanese word of the poem.
See the sidebar (AAA to XYZ) for the entries.

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Basho nishiki -
a brocade woven
by so many hands


I want to thank all my online friends for the strong support and help with this project.
I hope to be weaving this thread for the next few years.

Gabi Greve, November 2012
Darumapedia, World Kigo Database, Daruma Museum Japan


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. Basho Memorial Day 芭蕉忌 Bashoo ki .
October 12, November 8, November 25 and November 28 of 1694 ?
also called
Winter Rain Anniversary (shigure ki 時雨忌, shigure-e 時雨会)
Old Master's Day (Okina no hi 翁の日)
Green Peach Day (Toosei ki 桃青忌) 
'Green Peach' was Basho's pen name before he choose the Banana plant, Basho.


. Family Ties .
His Wife ? Jutei-Ni 寿貞尼
His Son ? Jirobei 二郎兵衛
His nephew Tooin 桃印 Toin
His father, Matsuo Yozaemon 松尾与左衛門 (? - 1656)
His elder brother, Matsuo Hanzaemon 松尾半左衛門


. - - - - - List of his works - - - - - .
. - Moto no Mizu もとの水 - 句集 - A Hokku Collection attributed to Basho in 1787 - .


. Haikai Meeting with Shayo 潮江車要 .
1694. Shioe Choohei, Osaka 潮江長兵衛,


. Learn from the pine ! .


. Basho jittetsu 芭蕉十哲 .
The 10 most important disciples of Matsuo Basho
and the Genroku period haikai 元禄俳諧.

. Iga Shoomon 伊賀蕉門 Basho students of Iga province .


. Was Basho a ninja or onmitsu spy? .
Onmitsu : Oku no Hosomichi 隠密 - 奥の細道
Sora, Kawai Sora 河合曾良
.
Basho working for the mizu-bugyoo 水奉行
the water "mayor" of the Edo government.
The job of managing the city's water system is handled by the mizu-bugyo and a staff of mizu-bannin (water technicians).


. One Hundred Frogs - translating problems .


Some Fun on the Way

. お守り Amulet for better haiku writing skills .
with Basho and Sora
奇抜な俳句が作れるようになる芭蕉と曽良語学力おまもり

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During his many travels throughout Japan, Basho introduces famous people,
places and a lot of the local history, culture, legends and even local food.

. Cultural Keywords used by Basho .

. Basho introducing regional food .


. Basho travelling in Japan .
utamakura 歌枕 place names used in Poetry
Basho the fuuraboo 風羅坊 Furabo, "wind-gauze-priest"


Basho's hokku have been called a "poetry of nouns" by Barnhill.
. What is Basho's poetic style? .
karumi - lightness
- - - - - . Imagination versus reality .


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- - - - - Buildings in honor of Matsuo Basho

. Basho-An 芭蕉庵 in Fukagawa, Edo .
- - - - Basho Kinenkan 芭蕉記念館 Basho Memorial Museum . 江東区
- - - - Sekiguchi Bashoan 関口芭蕉庵 Sekiguchi Basho-An

. Basho-An 芭蕉庵 in Kyoto, temple Konpuku-Ji 金福寺 / 金福寺 .


. Bashoo doo 芭蕉堂 Basho Do Hall .
Higashiyama Kyoto and Takakuwa Rankoo 高桑闌更 Takakuwa Ranko


. Basho Inari Jinja 芭蕉稲荷神社 Basho Fox Shrine .
Tokiwa, Koto Ward 江東区常盤1-3 Tokyo


. Haiseiden 俳聖殿 Haisei-Den Hall of the Haiku Saint .
Iga Ueno 伊賀上野

. Shrine Matsuo Jinja 松尾神社 .

. Shigure-An 時雨庵 .


. MORE - Museums in Honor of Matsuo Basho .


. - Gichuuji 義仲寺 Temple Gichu-Ji and his grave - .

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. Basho on Stamps 切手 kitte .


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Basho teaches his students about objective observation
(the word SHASEI 写生 had not been invented yet):

Learn from the pine!

To do that you must leave behind you all subjective prejudice.
Otherwise you will force your own self onto the object
and can learn nothing from it.

Your poem will well-up of its own accord
when you and the object become one,
when you dive deep enough into the object,
to discover something of its hidden glimmer.


. Hokku and Haikai   発句と俳諧 .


造化にしたがひ 造化に帰れ.
"Follow the zooka, return to the zooka."
. Zooka, zōka 造化 and Matsuo Basho .
Zoka


Bashō and the Dao:
The Zhuangzi and the Transformation of Haikai

Peipei Qiu

. WKD : The Chinese Connection .
The Chinese origin of many Japanese kigo.



. Zen, Tao, Buddhism - and Matsuo Basho .


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. Basho and Saigyo 芭蕉と西行法師 .

. Travelling with Basho, Travelling with Enku .
芭蕉の旅、円空の旅

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October 2015

Newly discovered Matsuo Basho's "kaishi" 懐紙(かいし)
shown at the Seatle Museum of Art

米シアトル美術館で展示していた小ぶりの和紙「懐紙(かいし)」に書かれている句が、江戸時代の俳人松尾芭蕉(ばしょう)(一六四四~九四年)の直筆のものとみられると、清泉女学院大(長野市)の玉城司(たまきつかさ)客員教授(近世俳諧史)が確認した。これまで見つかっていない句が書かれており「芭蕉が四十歳以前の活動初期のものとみられ、大変貴重な史料」としている。

The hitherto unknown Basho haiku reads:
我しのふあるしは蔦(つた)の さひや哉(かな)

- source : chuplus.jp/paper -

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. KIGO used by Basho .   

. TOPICS used by Basho .   

. - jiamari 字余り excessive syllables
jitarazu 字足らず insufficient syllables - .



. - About Matsuo Basho - WKD library - .


. REFERENCE - English .   
. REFERENCE - Japanese .   


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kigo for all autumn
bashoo 芭蕉 (ばしょう) plantain, banana plant

. Banana plant - Musa paradisiaca .


. "Basho" Banana Plant 能「芭蕉」 .
a Noh Play


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Your suggestions for improvement of my translations are most welcome,
since my mother tongue is German.
Please leave your comments on the BLOG or contact me directly.

Thank you very much for your support!
Gabi Greve


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Check out the contents on the top right side!


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